Project case studies
DEMOCRACY PROMOTION THROUGH SELF-SUSTAINABILITY
This project consisted of democracy promotion through self-sustainability by empowering the people in the Valdivian Community. The aims included: better organization of the business groups, exploitation of legal opportunities, and socio-economic development of the Community. As many communities on the coast of Ecuador, Valdivia’s economic assets include: fishery, shrimp farming, craft work and tourism. The participants of this project are the Valdivian Community and Javier Barragan, an environmental lawyer. Valdivian Community decision-making body is called “Cabildo” and it is yearly elected by the 150 representative of the entire Community (5000 people). Javier Barragan is the only manager of the project, who worked closely with the community and also represented them in court cases.
The United Nations Mission in Haiti: A Study in Preserving Democracy
The United Nations Mission in Haiti (UNMIH) was established in 1993 as a reaction to the overthrow of Haiti’s first democratically elected president, Jean-Bertrand Aristide. The mission entered Haiti in 1995 and lasted for one year. Another United Nations sponsored mission replaced UNMIH immediately after the end of its mandate. UNMIH’s mission was considered a success, however not all of its goals were satisfied. Its accomplishments included sustaining the secure and stable environment established during the multinational phase, protecting international personnel and key installations, creating a separate police force, and assisting the legitimate constitutional authorities of Haiti in establishing an environment conducive to the organization of free and fair legislative elections to be called by those authorities.
CASE STUDY: COLOMBIA (1999-2005) “Private Sector Initiative to Combat Corruption: Probidad Project”
The Probidad Project was an initiative from 1999-2005 led by the Colombian Confederation of Chambers of Commerce (Confecámaras) and supported by the Center for International Private Enterprise (CIPE),which sought to end corruption in Colombia, specifically within the private sector. Its main objectives were to inspire ethical standards across businesses; to reform unnecessarily convoluted procurement laws; to increase transparency of all sectors via improved communication and interaction with each other and with the media; and to educate and solidify the initiative with unrelenting online and interpersonal follow up. The Probidad Project was the first initiative against corruption initiated from the private sector, since the private sectorhistorically avoided conflict for fear of political retribution. However, the overall results of the project were very successful and impact was high:
The International Commission against Impunity in Guatemala (CICIG): Success and Dependency
The International Commission against Impunity in Guatemala, known by its Spanish acronym, CICIG, is the first program of its kind in dealing with the problem of organized crime. Peace agreements signed in Guatemala in 1996 put to rest an era of political violence within the country, but organized crime continued to plague the country and its citizens in the years that followed.Following the request of the Guatemalan government for help addressing the problem of impunity, CICIG was established on December 12, 2006 and then put into effect September 4, 2007 as a joint effort of the United Nations and the Guatemalan government.Thus, while CICIG receives financial and technical support from the international community, it operates within Guatemalan law and the Guatemalan Court System.
Case Study: Democracy & Civic Participation in Argentina
This report evaluates the mini public library project implemented by El Desafio Foundation, a non-profit organization located and active in Rosario, Argentina. Started in April 2014, the mini library project ties into El Desafio’s larger mission to create a more active and integrated society by fighting the root causes of poverty and promoting civic participation. The mini library project is still in progress today with plans to create 30 more in Rosario, including 10 in the next six months,as well as replicate their model throughout other areas of Argentina. El Desafio’smini library project has three main objectives. (1) Promote literacy by providing opportunities for citizens to read and share books,(2) foster a sense of community in neighborhoods by providing an open space that increases interaction amongst neighbors, and (3) promote social responsibility and a sense of civic duty through increased conversation and shared ownership of the mini libraries.
Analysis of FOPEA Monitor Program
Not everyone sees the level of freedom of expression in Argentina through rose-colored lenses. Many cases of violation of these freedoms occur regularly. These violations come from multiple sources in varying degrees of severity, keeping Argentinean journalists in all media outlets on edge. In response to this threat to free expression, the Foro de PeriodismoArgentino (FOPEA), or Argentinean Journalism Forum,has established a monitoring service to research the working conditions under which journalists work in Argentina, and to report and counter attacks on their freedom of speech.